Different countries are battling with different issues, and while different country’s problems are varied as per their geography and polity, there are some common world problems which every country is going through. These problems are faced by the world together but some are affected by it more than the others.

Let’s read about them in the article below.

Extreme weather:

The never stopping global warming induces the phenomenon of extreme weather. Extreme weather includes unexpected, unusual, severe, or unseasonal weather.

The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) stated that the month of September 2021 is the month of climate change and severe weather which has led to an increase in natural disasters between 1970 and 2019. More than 91% of deaths attributed to these disasters were reported in developing countries as per the deduction of WMO.

Certain extreme weather events include record-breaking snowfall in Madrid, Storm Christoph in UK, Cyclone Ana in Fiji; Dust storm in China amongst other incidents.

Climate action failure:

Climate change continues to be a catastrophic peril to which no one is immune. Climate action is a means to control the extreme weather conditions which are posed in front of humanity due to human-led environmental damage.

Despite the fact that global emissions fell in the first half of 2020 due to global lockdowns, Evidence from the financial crisis of 2008–2009 warns that it is possible that emissions will rebound. Climate change is having a profound influence on people, with changes in weather patterns, increasing sea levels, and more extreme weather occurrences.

Due to greenhouse gas emission and other activities, leading to global warming, and thereby climate changes makes implementation of climate action plan next to impossible.

In the Climate Change Performance Index 2021, Sweden holds 4th position with 74.42 points followed by the UK with 69.99 points. The first three places are empty.

Read Also: ResearchED: Climate Change And India: What The Latest IPCC Report Holds For India?

Human environmental damage:

Human activities affect the environment in various ways which include overcrowding, pollution, fossil fuel combustion, and deforestation. This results in climate change, soil erosion, poor air quality, and undrinkable water, thereby damaging the environment.

The top-most countries affecting the environment due to pollution are China, the US, India, Russia and Japan.

Infectious diseases:

With the outbreak of the COVID-19 virus, infectious diseases are self-explanatory. Infectious diseases are illnesses brought on by bacteria, viruses, fungus, or parasites.

Ebola and the Zika virus are other highly infectious diseases apart from COVID-19. In a study by the RAND Organization, out of the 25 Most-Vulnerable Countries, 22 are in Africa, and the other three are Afghanistan, Yemen, and Haiti.

Biodiversity loss:

Biodiversity is the extinction of species around the planet, as well as the local reduction or loss of species in a particular environment, all result in a loss of biological variety. Mexico is the country with the most endangered species.

The country includes 665 endangered species. Indonesia is in second place with 583 endangered species.

These are the primary but not the only issues that the world is struggling with. There are several other issues standing in front of the world, needed to be addressed but the redressal of the above 5 has become of paramount importance at the present moment owing to their fast pace and the impact that they can have over the world and its population.

Image Source: Google Images

Sources: WEF, Natural History Museum, Acciona

Find the Author At: @innocentlysane

This post is tagged under: world, world problems, environment, biodiversity, issues, countrywise issues, coronavirus, infectious disease, COVID-19, impact

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