Considering Prime Minister Modi’s active involvement on the global stage these few years, India has definitely established itself as a strong international player in the field of global politics.
Its position of non-alignment in the Russia-Ukraine conflict has indeed proven to be an extremely diplomatic move which has placed New Delhi in a position to be a strategic partner to most Southeast Asian countries.
What Is The G20 And What Does India’s Presidency There Mean?
The G20 was established in the aftermath of the financial crisis that raged across Southeast Asian economies in the late 1990s as a platform for finance ministers and central bank governors. Still, it was expanded to include chiefs of state and governments in 2007.
The G20 has no fixed secretariat, and every year, one member state assumes the presidency to drive the grouping’s strategy, which is divided into two segments, one led by finance ministers and the other by emissaries of member leaders.
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During its tenure, India played a major diplomatic role, conducting over 200 meetings in 50 cities and engaging with ministers, bureaucrats, and civil society organizations, which culminated in a major summit in New Delhi in September 2023.
What Led To India’s Promising Position In The ASEAN?
The country’s 30th-anniversary dialogue with the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) in 2022, which resulted in the relationship being elevated to Comprehensive Partnership status, also improved New Delhi’s position in the region.
India’s non-threatening and peaceful stature in the Russia-Ukraine conflict and its display of strong economic potential has led ASEAN member states to believe in New Delhi’s ability to maintain a position of leadership.
India’s strong economic performance and its increased focus and emphasis on multilateralism have helped in elevating its status in the ASEAN.
India has also refused to be submissive towards China’s policy of territorial expansion and blatant display of colonial symptoms in its policy regarding the Western Himalayan region.
What Do Surveys Entail?
According to a poll by the National University of Singapore’s Institute of South Asian Studies, India’s comparatively neutral stance on the Ukraine conflict has added to emerging views, as many Southeast Asian countries have opted not to denounce Russia publicly.
Unlike most other leading democracies, India has abstained from consecutive UN Security Council votes condemning Moscow’s attack on Ukraine.
While New Delhi achieved Comprehensive Strategic Partnership (CSP) status with ASEAN last year, and its status as an ASEAN member has significantly improved, it still must take on much more to compete with China, particularly if India is to achieve its strategic and military goals in the Indo-Pacific in general and Southeast Asia in particular.
Disclaimer: This article is fact-checked
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Feature Image designed by Saudamini Seth
Sources: The Diplomat, Reuters, Week Asia
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This post is tagged under: G20, G20 Presidency, ASEAN, ASEAN summit, South east Asia, Non alignment, Modi government, economy, India China
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