What Is The Thyroid?

The thyroid is a small gland near your throat, shaped like a butterfly, and makes the hormones thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3). These hormones regulate energy levels, weight, body temperature, and hair and skin growth. Too much or too little thyroxine can cause health concerns, including your ability to get pregnant. If your doctor is worried about the level of your thyroid hormones, they may check them. This involves a simple blood test.

With the help of this article, let’s explore more about the impact of thyroid autoimmunity on IVF and find out the best IVF Centre in Bangalore.

What Are the Most Common Thyroid Disorders?

As the thyroid produces hormones the body is dependent on, low or high thyroid hormone levels can cause various disorders. The most common thyroid disorders are hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, thyroiditis, and Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. These autoimmune conditions may lead to overproduction or underproduction of thyroid hormones triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4). Infertility can be directly linked to either increased or decreased condition of these hormones.

What Is Hyperthyroidism?

When the level of thyroid hormones, i.e. T3 and T4, are higher than the normal level. It is called Hyperthyroidism. This condition is commonly called the overactive thyroid which results in loss of weight, sensitivity to heat, excessive perspiration, heart palpitations, anxiety, and insomnia.

Treatment involves prescribed medications to regulate the hormones by inhibiting the release of triiodothyronine and thyroxine.

What Is Hypothyroidism?

Hypothyroidism occurs when the thyroid hormone is released low, usually known as an underactive thyroid. Most cases do not have accompanying symptoms but can cause dry skin, sensitivity to colds, weight gain, constipation, low libido, fatigue, and irregular menstrual periods. To properly treat hypothyroidism, physicians prescribe thyroid replacement therapy with medication to increase thyroid hormone levels.

What is the link between thyroid and IVF complications?

Points that will tell you about the link between thyroid and IVF complications are given below:-

Effect on Ovulation and Egg Quality:

Thyroid disorders, especially hypothyroidism, can interfere with ovulation and egg quality. During IVF Treatment, irregular ovulation or poor egg quality may reduce the chances of successful fertilisation.

Impact on Uterine Environment:

Thyroid hormones affect the uterine environment. The imbalance of thyroid function can affect the lining of the endometrium and make it less receptive to embryo implantation.

Increased Risk of Miscarriage:

There is an increased risk of miscarriage in both hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. In case the thyroid function is not optimised before undergoing IVF, then there are greater chances of miscarriage in these women. 

At Mannat Fertility Center, the best IVF centre in Bangalore, doctors properly evaluate the patient’s condition before IVF treatment and treat her according to her condition for successful treatment.

Lower Pregnancy Rates:

According to some studies, suboptimal thyroid function may be associated with lower pregnancy rates during IVF cycles. Achieving optimal thyroid function before IVF is critical for increasing the chances of a successful pregnancy.

Management of Thyroids in IVF

Thyroid Antibodies and Autoimmunity:

Thyroid autoimmunity, which includes the presence of thyroid antibodies (for example, anti-thyroid peroxidase antibodies), can have an impact on fertility and IVF outcomes. This may lead to failure in implantation along with an increased risk of miscarriage.

Optimising Thyroid Function Before IVF:

Before conception, women who want to undergo IVF should get treated for their thyroid function. This includes ensuring that thyroid hormone levels, particularly TSH(Thyroid-stimulating hormone), are within normal limits.

Individuals with pre-existing thyroid disorders may require adjustments to their thyroid medication.

Thyroid Monitoring During IVF:

Thyroid function must be continuously monitored during IVF cycles. Changes in hormone levels may occur, requiring medication adjustments to maintain optimal thyroid function.

Collaboration with Endocrinologists and Reproductive Specialists:

Collaboration between endocrinologists (who specialise in thyroid disorders) and reproductive specialists is critical to ensure that patients receive comprehensive care.

Conclusion

Thyroid autoimmunity poses a significant challenge in IVF procedures, particularly at Mannat Fertility Clinic in Bangalore. With thyroid disorders affecting fertility, the clinic prioritises comprehensive evaluations of thyroid function in both male and female patients undergoing IVF. Research suggests thyroid autoimmunity can disrupt the hormonal balance critical for successful implantation and pregnancy.  

At Mannat IVF Centre, tailored treatment plans address thyroid issues alongside fertility concerns, optimising the chances of conception. Collaborative efforts between endocrinologists and fertility specialists ensure holistic care, offering hope to couples navigating IVF amidst thyroid complexities. Understanding and managing thyroid autoimmunity is paramount for successful outcomes in IVF journeys.


Syndicated press content is not written by ED Times

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